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States Scramble To Comply With Federal ID Law
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Old 05-18-2017, 06:10 AM
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Default States Scramble To Comply With Federal ID Law








States Scramble To Comply With Federal ID Law




Gov. Jay Inslee signs a bill that seeks to bring Washington state into compliance with the federal REAL ID Act,
on Tuesday, May 16, 2017, in Olympia, Wash.

(AP Photo/Rachel La Corte)

By RACHEL LA CORTE - Today

OLYMPIA, Wash. (AP) ó Several states have struggled for years to comply with the REAL ID Act, a 2005 federal law that requires state driverís licenses and ID cards to have security enhancements and to be issued to people who can prove they are legally in the United States.

With a January deadline looming, lawmakers across the country have been scrambling for legislative fixes so residents can board flights and travel without confusion.

Washington state was the latest to try to bring its system in line with those requirements, as Gov. Jay Inslee signed a measure Tuesday creating a two-tiered licensing system.

Hereís a look at the federal law and the potential impacts:

REAL ID ACT

The law was passed by Congress after the 2001 terrorist attacks to strengthen rules for government-sanctioned identification. It sets minimum standards for government-issued identification such as driverís licenses that are required to enter certain areas in federal buildings or board commercial airplanes. Those standards include requiring applicants to provide proof of identity and legal US residency, and states to use counterfeit-resistant security features in the IDs.

STATUS OF STATESí COMPLIANCE

Just 25 states and the District of Columbia are currently in compliance with the federal law, though most of the remaining states and territories have been granted extensions of various dates, according to the Department of Homeland Securityís website (http://1.usa.gov/239cQiA ). Maine, Minnesota, Missouri and Montana are the only states currently listed as not compliant with the law and without an extension from the federal government. However, Maineís governor last month signed a REAL ID compliance bill passed by the Legislature, and Montana and Missouri this year have both passed bills awaiting their governorsí signatures.

Several other states are considering bills related to REAL ID compliance, including Alaska, Minnesota, Oregon and Pennsylvania. Governors in Kentucky, Oklahoma and South Carolina also have signed REAL ID compliance bills this year.

WHY HAVE SOME STATES BALKED AT FOLLOWING THE FEDERAL RULE?

Some liberal and conservative states have objected to the new rules, with concerns ranging from discrimination to worries that law-abiding U.S. citizens could be tracked using the new system.

Others have opposed the U.S. government unilaterally setting standards in an area traditionally handled by states.

WHAT LACK OF COMPLIANCE MEANS FOR STATES

Residents of states that are in compliance have until Oct. 21, 2020, before being required to show the REAL ID compliant identification. Residents of states that arenít in compliance with REAL ID and donít have an extension need additional identification for access to some military bases and federal facilities and, starting on Jan. 22, 2018, to board commercial flights.

WHAT WASHINGTON STATEíS NEW LAW DOES

Washington state already offers ó but does not mandate ó enhanced driverís licenses and IDs that require proof of U.S. citizenship and are valid under the federal law. The state also issues standard licenses that donít comply with the federal rule. Starting in July 2018, those standard licenses will be marked to indicate they are not REAL ID compliant. People will have a choice of which license they want. Those with the non-compliant licenses will need additional documentation ó such as a passport or permanent resident card ó to board domestic commercial flights, most likely starting in October 2020.

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